Antidepressant Diet

Antidepressant Diet Cookbook

Peter Forster Major Depression, Physical Conditions and Health, Self Care, Treatments of Depression Leave a Comment

Two recent studies suggest that the Mediterranean diet may be an antidepressant diet as well as the diet that reduces heart disease, inflammation, and the risk of dementia. In the SMILES trial 65 patients with depression were randomized to a Mediterranean diet based intervention (a diet support group) or a social support group. The group excluded people who were treatment …

TMS Effectiveness Updated

Peter Forster Best Practices, Major Depression, Treatments of Depression

TMS effectiveness for depression is clear. But now there are more machines for providing TMS and more protocols. Is deep TMS better than regular TMS?  Or is deep TMS just a marketing phrase? A major review article in JAMA Psychiatry updated our understanding of alternatives to the initial protocol for TMS. JAMA Psychiatry is the most prestigious journal in psychiatry, …

Long Term Depression Psychotherapy

Peter Forster Best Practices, Major Depression, Treatments of Depression

Effective psychotherapy for depression that has lasted for years is needed because chronic depression (lasting two years or longer) develops in up to a third of people with an episode of major depression. Chronic depression is associated with more suicidality, more impairment in functioning, and more hospitalizations. Chronic depression psychotherapy is often less effective than therapy for other forms of depression. …

Why SSRIs May Increase Anxiety Short Term

Peter Forster Psychobiology, Treatments of Depression

SSRIs are among the most commonly prescribed medications for chronic anxiety, but not infrequently these medications may be associated with a short term increase in symptoms that precedes the long term benefit. In an elegant series of studies published online in late August 2016 in the premier scientific journal, Nature, researchers from the NIH and the University of North Carolina at …

Genesight – Genetic Testing to Predict Medication Response

Peter Forster GPS Update, Psychobiology, Testing

We have been using the Genecept Assay from Genomind for several years to help guide treatment selection in patients with either unusually high rates of side effects from medications or those who have failed multiple trials of medications. Although the test can be expensive, costing anywhere from a couple of hundred dollars to five hundred dollars or more, it is our experience …

Antidepressants Alter Gene Expression

Peter Forster Major Depression, Psychobiology, Treatments of Depression

An interesting study looked at similarities and differences in the effects of two medications that have anti-depressant effects and yet are extremely different in terms of how they work: ketamine and imipramine (a tricyclic antidepressant). This industry supported study looked at the effects of these two agents on a reward circuit (involving the prefrontal cortex (PFC), nucleus accumbens, hippocampus, and amygdala – …

TMS Guidelines

Peter Forster Treatments of Depression

In the April edition of Brain Stimulation, the Clinical TMS Society published expert consensus guidelines on the use of TMS. This definitive review of the literature identifies both what is known as well as significant areas of uncertainty about the use of TMS in the treatment of depression. The process of developing the guideline is described in the introduction to the …

A Better Ketamine

Peter Forster Major Depression, Psychobiology, Treatments of Depression

A better ketamine may be coming. That is the conclusion of NEJM Journal Watch Psychiatry reviewer Barbara Geller. A common pathway to identifying new drugs, is looking at metabolites of a medication to see if there is one metabolite that works better than the active drug (desvenlafaxine – one of the metabolites of venlafaxine – may or may not be …

Mindfulness for Depression – Research Update

Peter Forster Best Practices, Major Depression, Treatments of Depression

Mindfulness has received a lot of attention recently as an approach to improving mental health in a number of conditions. But is it really effective as part of a strategy for treating serious depression? And, if so, how can we best incorporate it into treatment, given the great difficulty that many people with depression have doing even a small amount …